Philosophy Related Web Sites

Classical Philosophical Tradition

Archimedes of Syracuse
A comprehensive overview of the life and work of Archimedes, including links to resources elsewhere on the Internet. This site is part of the Mac Tutor History of Mathematics archive.

Part of the ILT web site. This page provides biographical information on Aristotle texts.

The Cicero Homepage
This page provides access to Cicero texts, a Cicero chronology, a bibliography, images of Cicero and Cicero's biography (according to Plutarch ).

Epicurus and Epicurean Philosophy
This site is aimed at both scholars and others who wish to find out more concerning the 'beliefs of Epicureans, how Epicureanism is related to other Greek philosophies, the history of Epicurus and his school, links to classical Epicurean texts and other resources.'

The Philosophy Garden
This site provides historical and general information on Epicurus, Epicureanism, Democritus, and Lucretius amongst others. Material includes an e-text library, quotations, essential sources, articles of interest, links to related Web sites and discussion forums.

The Philodemus Project
Provides the results of the translations and analysis by the research team studying the writings of the philosopher and poet Philodemus, a follower of Epicurus who summarised nearly three centuries of wisdom on literary matters. His scrolls were excavated from Herculaneum in the eighteenth century after being buried by the Vesuvius eruption in 79 AD.

Plato and His Dialogues
This site provides a comprehensive overview of Plato's life, his main philosophical theories and links to other Web-based Plato resources.

Individual Philosophers

The Bakhtin Centre: University of Sheffield
The Centre's purpose is to 'promote multi-and inter-disciplinary research on the work of the Russian philosopher and theorist Mikhail Bakhtin and the Bakhtin Circle, and on related areas of cultural, critical, linguistic and literary theory.' The Centre's Web site provides an analytical database of work by and about the Bakhtin circle. Information is provided on seminars, conferences and other activities of the Centre, as well as other Bakhtin studies elsewhere.

The Noam Chomsky Archive
This archive 'contains the full text to many of Chomsky's major works, complete audio recordings to several important lectures, and numerous articles, interviews and speeches.' There is also an on-line forum where you can ask Noam Chomsky questions on his work on linguistic theory, syntax, semantics and the philosophy of language.

Foucault Pages at CSUN
This site provides a genealogy of Foucault, Foucault discussion lists, links to other Foucault resources, calls for participation for Foucault Scholars and online essays by, about, or influenced by Foucault.

Gottlob Frege
This page is part of the Metaphysics Research Lab site and provides a short biography, a discussion of Frege's advances in logic, a list of his principal works and suggestions for further reading.

Hegel Society of America
This site promotes the 'study of the philosophy of Hegel and Hegelianism, its place within the history of thought, and its relation to social, political, and cultural movements since his time.'

The Hume Society
A site dedicated to 'scholarship on all aspects of Hume's writings.' Members of the society also receive regular copies of the Bulletin of the Hume Society.

Kant on the Web
Claiming to be the most organised and comprehensive listing of resources on Kant, this site includes Etexts, works on and by Kant and lexical aids. There is a comprehensive list of links to other sites organised into categories such as discussion lists, biographies, summaries, and teaching and lecturing resources.

Immanuel Kant
This site provides a comprehensive list of links to a wide variety of resources concerning works on and by Kant in English and German. Links to Etexts, writings on Kant and miscellaneous resources are presented.

The Project of the Friesian School
The Friesian School seeks to promote the further development of the Critical Philosophy of Immanuel Kant. Describes the aims of the Friesian School and provides links to various topics and essays on a variety of subjects.

Hong Kierkegaard Library
This site is the largest Kierkegaard resource outside of Denmark. Links to his papers, the Kierkegaard Mailing List and other Kierkegaard sites and resources are presented.

International Kierkegaard Information
Societies and Institutions concerned with the life and work of Kierkegaard from all over the world are listed. Current conferences, courses, meetings, calls for papers and other events are included on an event notice board, as are links to other information resources about Kierkegaard. Back copies of the International Kierkegaard Newsletter are available from 1991.

Kierkegaard on the Internet
An introduction to the philosopher is provided. Access to the Kierkegaard Web Library, Kierkegaard Discussion Forum and a comprehensive list of links to Kierkegaard resources on the Web is also available.

ILTWeb: Study Place: John Locke
From the ILTWeb project (Institute for Learning Technologies) at Columbia University, this page provides an overview of the life and work of John Locke. Access to an html version of 'Of the Conduct of the Understanding', and text versions of Second 'Treatise on Civil Government', 'A Letter concerning Toleration', 'An Essay Concerning Human Understanding' and 'Concerning Civil Government, Second Essay' are also provided.

John Locke Room
This site provides a general overview of Locke's ideas and links to Locke materials on-line.

Friedrich Nietzsche Society
The Friedrich Nietzsche Society was founded in 1990. Its aim is to 'promote the study of the life, work and influence of Friedrich Nietzsche.' The site provides many links to general resources, bulletin boards, discussion groups, on-line texts and organisations concerned with Nietzsche.

Bertrand Russell Archives
This site provides information on book catalogues, on-line catalogues, Russell's writings, the Russell editorial project and quotations.

Bertrand Russell Society
Includes writings by and about Bertrand Russell on the Internet and related Web sites.

Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language
An electronic companion to Saul Kripke's classic book on Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophy. A list of key books, commentaries, bibliographies, discussions and links to other sites and papers concerning Wittgenstein on Rules and Private Language are presented.

Ludwig Wittgenstein Home Page
The Ludwig Wittgenstein HomePage presents an assortment of electronic biographies, secondary courses including Wittgenstein-related papers, essays, lectures and books on-line, Wittgenstein-oriented e-mail discussion lists and links to the annual International Wittgenstein Symposium.

Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen
Working papers from The Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen.


Aesthetics On-Line
The official Web site for the American Society for Aesthetics. The content includes the Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, and the ASA Newsletter. The site includes a searchable database of articles concerning aesthetics, philosophy of art, art theory and art criticism.

Environment and Ecology

Environmental Ethics
The Center For Environmental Philosophy is 'dedicated to providing access to Internet resources throughout the world which pertain to or focus on environmental ethics and environmental philosophy.'

Tim's Brain (formerly Baobab's Natural Philosophy Center)
Claiming to be the Internet's largest compilation of Web resources devoted to natural philosophy, environmental ethics, eco-feminism, and relationships with nature.


Descartes' Epistemology
From the Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy, a comprehensive collection of information and links concerning Epistemology.

The Epistemology and Learning Group
The Epistemology and Learning Group at the MIT Media Lab explores how new technologies can enable new ways of thinking, learning and designing. Based on a constructionist approach.

Epistemology, Consciousness, and the Mind
A comprehensive list of on-line articles and other resources dealing with epistemology, consciousness and the mind. There are links to symposia, reviews, journal articles, newsgroups and organisations.


The Ethics Connection
The Markkula Center for Applied Ethics at Santa Clara University aims to create '... strategies to heighten ethical awareness and improve ethical decision making.' There is a comprehensive list of links to many sub-disciplines such as business ethics, medical ethics, environmental ethics, religious perspectives on ethics, ethical theory and much more.

Institute for Global Ethics
An independent organisation 'dedicated to elevating public awareness and promoting the discussion of ethics in a global context' and which focuses on ethical activities in education, the corporate sector and public policy.

Medical Ethics

Bioethics Resources on the Web
A resource provided by the US National Institutes of Health, including links to organisation web pages, bibliographies and full-text publications.

The Ethics Side of Suicide
A site which raises questions about whether traditional principles in medical ethics, such as autonomy, best serve patients who are contemplating suicide. The site provides links to other sites dealing with the topics of suicide and euthanasia.

National Bioethics Advisory Commission
Founded to "provide advice and make recommendations to the National Science and Technology Council". Links to NBAC publications and proceedings and to other organisations dealing with bioethical issues. NBAC's charter expired in October 2001, and its function were assumed by the President's Council on Bioethics.

National Reference Center for Bioethics Literature
This is a 'specialised collection of books, journals, newspaper articles, legal materials, regulations, codes, government publications and other relevant documents concerned with issues in biomedical and professional ethics.' It is a research resource for scholars. Subjects covered include an assisted suicide/right to die bibliography, a cloning bibliography, basic resources in bioethics and the Kampelman Collection of Jewish Ethics amongst other resources.

The President's Council on Bioethics
Created by George W. Bush (November 2001), the Council advises on 'bioethical issues related to advances in biomedical science and technology', and one of its functions is the explore ethical questions relating to such developments. The site provides links to other international ethics sites. The successor to the National Bioethics Advisory Commission.

History of Philosophy and Ideas

British Society for the History of Philosophy
The British Society for the History of Philosophy (BSHP) Web site fosters all aspects of the study and teaching of the history of philosophy. This Web site provides information on the aims and activities of the society, its newsletter and conference information.

History of Ancient Philosophy
This site is intended as a guide for students of the history of ancient philosophy, but it is a comprehensive resource for anyone interested in the subject area. Included are lecture notes, links to electronic texts and links to other ancient philosophy resources.

History of Economic Thought
This site provides an overview to thinkers in the history of economic thought, including Marx, Mill, Godwin, Locke, Rousseau and many others.

Philosophy of History Archive
Based at Novosibirsk State University in Russia, The Philosophy of History Archive indexes links and materials related to the Philosophy of History and Theoretical History available on the Internet. It aims to serve those whose 'research interests include the theoretical explanatory approaches to World History and Modernity, the scientific predictions of global future trends, and the application of philosophical and scientific research results to Global Praxis.'


Factasia Logic
This comprehensive site examines the nature of symbolic and philosophical logic. Specific content of the site includes the applications of logic, the scope of logic, propositional logic and predicate logics, set theory and other ontologies, and combinators, Lambda-calculi and type systems.

Mission: Critical
Mission: Critical is an interactive, co-operative educational resource that teaches the basic concepts of critical thinking and informal logic, such as induction, deduction and fallacies.

Philosophy of Language

From the University of Colorado, this comprehensive and organised site provides extensive information on semiotics including definitions, terms, a brief history, philosophers who have written on semiotics and links to a range of related resources.

Semiotics for Beginners
This page provides an introduction to semiotics, with sections on signs, paradigms, syntagms, syntagmatic analysis, paradigmatic analysis, denotation and connotation , metaphor and metonymy, codes, intertextuality, strengths of semiotic analysis, criticisms of semiotic analysis, DIY semiotic analysis and a suggested reading list.

Sites of Significance for Semiotics
This site provides links to semiotics-related Web pages including periodicals, research groups, resource collections, journals, encyclopaedia and dictionaries, semiotics issues and other resources.

Philosophy of Religion

Buddhist Studies WWW Virtual Library
This site provides access to Buddhist-related links. An extensive list of religious studies resources is also included. All links are inspected and evaluated by academic staff before being added to this Virtual Library.

This site focuses on philosophy and theology, and features the works of philosophers such as Plantinga, Rescher, Pojman, van Inwagen, Swinburne and others. There is also a philosophy and theology search engine.

Indian Philosophy & Religion
This page provides comprehensive information, and links to, resources on the Indian spiritual tradition. Links to a range of resources on world-wide religions are also provided.

Philosophy Related Web Sites

APA Online (

Website of the American Philosophical Association. Also available at this site is a directory of web resources relating to philosophy.

Arab and Jewish Philosophy (

Philosophies of selected Arab and Jewish philosophers. By Philosophy Pages Web Site.

EpistemeLinks (

EpistemeLinks provides thousands of links to Internet resources in philosophy. Included are links to e-texts, organizations, philosophers, journals, papers, images of philosophers, and the American Philosophical Association. Each month a philosophy related site is featured. Maintained by Thomas Ryan Stone.

Ethics on the World Wide Web (

Links to topics in a variety of ethical areas: computers, media, police, etc. Maintained by the School of Communication at CSU Fullerton.

Ethics Updates (

"Ethics Updates is designed primarily to be used by ethics instructors and their students. It is intended to provide updates on current literature, both popular and professional. that relates to ethics." (quote from site intro.) Searchable. Maintained by Professor Lawrence M. Hinman of the Dept. of Philosophy at the University of San Diego.

Feminism and Philosophy (

This wb site contains information about key feminists/feminism and the history of philosophy. Hosed by the Center for Digital Discourse and Culture at Virginia Tech University.

History of Philosophy (

Editorial essays covering Western (Ancient, Medieval and Modern) and Eastern Philosophies (Indian, Chinese and Buddhist). Maintained by Dr. Kelley L. Ross, Department of Philosophy at Los Angeles Valley College.

The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy (

Searchable encyclopedia of philosophers, schools of thought, and other philosophical topics. Timelines of Western philosophy featured. Maintained by editors (all from academic institutions) of a non-profit organization.

Philosophy Pages (

This web site is expressly for students of Western philosophy. Key resources include The Dictionary of Philosophical Terms and Names, a survey of the History of Western Philosophy, a timeline with detailed descriptions of many philosophers, summary treatment of elementary principles of Logic, and links to ther guides/sites. Maintained by Dr. Garth Kemerling.

Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (

Women in Philosophy (

An extensive bibliographic project in collaborative scholarship with a database containing over 16,000 records representing the work of over 5,000 women. Hosted at Indiana University Southeast.