Photography Related Websites

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American Photographers: Biographies of 42 photographers working in the United States between 1840 and 1980. There are also brief articles about Pictorialism, Documentary Photography, The Camera Club, Camera Work Magazine, Photo-Succession Group, Group f/64, Photo League, Surrealism, Farm Security Administration, Standard Oil Project, Photojournalism, Family of Man Exhibition, Life Magazine and Photomontage.

American Museum of Photography: An outstanding website for anyone interested in photography. Current exhibitions include: The Face of Slavery, Ghosts & Ectoplasm Captured by the Camera, Scot Mutter: A More Perfect World, The Daguerreotypes of Southworth & Hawes, The Outlandish World of William H. Martin, Masterworks of Photography, At Ease (early American portrait daguerreotypes), An Eye for the World (photographs of Shotaro Shimomura) and Of Bricks and Light (architectural photographs 1845-1915).

Through the Lens of Time: This website allows you to search or browse nearly 300 images of African Americans dating from the nineteenth and early twentieth century from the Cook Collection of Photographs. These digitally scanned images are of prints taken by George S. Cook (1819-1902) and Huestes P. Cook (1868-1951). The Through the Lens of Time website is a joint project between VCU Libraries and the Valentine Richmond History Center.

Pencils of Light: The Edinburgh Calotype Club, the first photographic club in the world, was formed in the early 1840s after a group of Edinburgh gentlemen were introduced to the calotype process by Sir David Brewster, the Principal of the United Colleges of St. Salvator and St. Leonard at St. Andrews and a close friend and associate of William Henry Fox Talbot, who had discovered the process in 1840. The National Library of Scotland has now put over 200 of these rare images produced by this group on its website.

Brighton Photographers 1841-1910: This website includes a comprehensive Directory of Photographic Studios which operated in Brighton and Hove during the period 1841 to 1910. Over 380 photographic studios are listed alphabetically and alongside the name of each studio is given the years of activity. The Directory of Photographic Studios will help owners of photographs taken in Brighton or Hove in Victorian and Edwardian times to date family photographs and hopefully as a result make it easier to identify the people portrayed. Another feature of the website is a History of Photography in Brighton, which traces the development of photography in Brighton from 1841 to 1910. Beginning with William Constable's Photographic Institution, which opened in Brighton in November 1841, this history recounts the story of photography in a large Sussex town, while outlining the major developments in photography in general explaining along the way photographic processes and formats such as the daguerreotype, the talbotype, collodion 'wet plate' photography, the albumen print, stereoscopic photography, the carte-de-visite, cabinet portraits, gelatin 'dry plates', roll film and the birth of the snapshot. Technical terms are explained in detail in a separate glossary and biographies are provided on the most important and influential photographers in Victorian and Edwardian Brighton.

Farm Security Administration-Office: The images in the Farm Security Administration-Office of War Information Collection are among the most famous documentary photographs ever produced. Created by a group of U.S. government photographers, the images show Americans in every part of the nation. In the early years, the project emphasized rural life and the negative impact of the Great Depression, farm mechanization, and the Dust Bowl. In later years, the photographers turned their attention to the mobilization effort for World War II. The core of the collection consists of about 164,000 black-and-white photographs. This American Memory website provides access to over 160,000 of these images.

Photo-Seminars: A website for image makers and those who teach image making. It offers free seminars on several photographers including Henri Cartier-Bresson, Edward Weston, Eugene Atget, Matthew Brady, Robert Capa, Imogen Cunningham, W. Eugene Smith, Irving Penn, Lisette Model and Margaret Bourke-White. There are also sixteen workshops on subjects such as Photojournalism and Travel Photography.

Carte-de-Visite Photographs: From 1859 onwards there were millions of small studio portrait photographs produced all over the world in a format known as Carte-de-visite. In the UK they were discontinued from about 1905. They were the first cheap, mass produced form of having an image of yourself, family and friends or even famous people! The were placed in albums made for them and now turn up in sales and are very collectable. They show how the Victorians looked in their Sunday best! This website, created by Roger Vaughan, contains a large section of these photographs.

History of Photography: This website is not designed to be a course on the history of photography such as a resource to explore. In addition to pen-portraits of many of the most important photographers, it contains information on some of the most significant processes used during the early days of photography. This work is intended to be of general interest, but it may also be a useful starting-off point for students preparing for courses which include a brief study of the history of photography.

Masters of Photography: A collection of articles on the world's leading photographers. This includes Ansel Adams, Berenice Abbott, Alvin L. Coburn, Imogen Cunningham, Walker Evans, Arthur Fellig, Lewis Hine, Dorothea Lange, Jacob Riis, W. Eugene Smith, Edward Steichen, Alfred Stieglitz, Paul Strand, Timothy O'Sullivan, Edward Weston and Clarence White.

Women Photographers: A website produced by the California Museum of Photography that includes images by some of the best-known names in the history of the medium as well as significant or exemplary images by other less famous photographers. There are illustrated articles on Frances Johnson, Julia Margaret Cameron, Gertrude Kasebier, Alice Boughton, Berenice Abbott, Marion Palfi, Alma Lavenson, Imogen Cunningham, Susan Meisalas, Barbara Morgan, Mary Ellen Mark, Rosalind Solomon and Olivia Parker.

Augustus Washington is one of the few African American daguerreotypists whose work has been identified and whose career has been documented. The son of a former slave, Washington was born in Trenton, New Jersey. As a youth, he embraced the abolitionist movement and struggled to obtain an education, studying at both the Oneida Institute and Kimball Union Academy before entering Dartmouth College in 1843. Washington learned to make daguerreotypes during his freshman year to offset his college expenses. In 1846 he opened one of Hartford's first daguerrean galleries. Washington attracted a broad clientele, and by the early 1850s was regarded as one of the city's foremost daguerreotypists. Convinced that emancipation alone would not remove the barriers that American society imposed upon its black citizens, he came to regard resettlement in the West African nation of Liberia as the best course of action. Accompanied by his wife and two small children, Washington sailed for Africa in November 1853. Once in Liberia, Washington opened a daguerrean studio and prospered. This National Portrait Gallery online exhibition provides a detailed account of his life and work.

Picture History: Old photographs hold a special mystery. Being able to study scenes and faces from the past and to know how something or somebody looked so long ago makes you feel almost as if you had been there yourself or known that person in some fleeting way, as if you could smell the air or hear the voices, feel the wind, the press of a hand. Picture History is an on-line archive of images and film footage illuminating more than 200 years of American history. Included in its holdings is the acclaimed Meserve-Kunhardt Collection of 19th century photography as well as thousands of images that have been researched and acquired by Kunhardt Productions for use in historical documentaries over the past fifteen years. Picture History is intended for the personal use of students, educators, scholars, and the general public curious about the past. High resolution images and film footage are available for professional and personal licensing.

Lewis Hine: In 1908 the National Child Labour Committee employed Lewis Hine as their staff investigator and photographer. Hine travelled the country taking pictures of children working in factories. In one 12 month period he covered over 12,000 miles. Factory owners often refused Hine permission to take photographs and accused him of muckraking. To gain access Hine sometimes posed as a fire inspector. Hine worked for the National Child Labour Committee for eight years. Hine told one audience: "Perhaps you are weary of child labour pictures. Well, so are the rest of us, but we propose to make you and the whole country so sick and tired of the whole business that when the time for action comes, child labour pictures will be records of the past." This History Place website provides a large collection of these photographs that helped to bring an end to child labour in America.

Vietnam War Interactive Portfolio: This website contains over 80 photographs taken in Vietnam between 1969 and 1970, while E. Kenneth Hoffman was stationed there as a military photographer. Categories include Children, Montagnard Tribesmen, Military, Vietnamese people, Protest & et cetera, and Shrines. Using HyperNews software, visitors have the opportunity to contribute their own comments about the images or the war. Or, they can react to the comments left by others.